The Rise of Kop and Pop Culture in 1965 Liverpool

In Liverpool, music and football go hand in hand thanks to the rise in both Merseybeat and the quality of Merseyside football in the 1950’s. After Bill Shankly accepted the manager’s role at Liverpool football club there was a dramatic turnaround in performance and of course, Beatlemania began to traverse the globe as the boys made headlines with their unique sound.

The Shankly Museum holds vast archives of rare Shankly memorabilia but none showcase the link between Liverpool music and football so much as the telegram that will be unveiled to mark the two-year anniversary of The Sahnkllky Hotel opening. Shanks received the telegram from the FabFour on the day of the 1965 FA Cup Final when Liverpool played Leeds and won.

This remarkable piece of footballing and music memorabilia marks an upturn in the pop and Kop culture of Liverpool. These two fascinating phenomena took audiences across the world by storm creating a combined passion for Liverpool football and Merseybeat music.

Kop Culture

“I’m just one of the people who stands on the Kop. They think the same as I do, and I think the same as they do. It’s a kind of marriage of people who like each other.”

Shankly was loved by Liverpool, not just for what he did to transform the city’s beloved team but also for his quick wit and sharp humour. Scousers are known for being direct, straight talking people with hearts of gold and that’s just what Shankly was like.

source: Quotesgram

Above all Shankly was a down to earth man who knew the magnitude of the task he had ahead of him when he walked through the main entrance at Anfield in December 1959.

It wasn’t long before his work was rewarded as Liverpool football club climbed the ranks sweeping into division one by April 1962.

The turn around delighted fans who could be heard singing their hearts out from the Kop urging their players onward and upwards.

Fathers would drop their boys into the “boy’s pen” and go stand with their mates bellowing out tune after tune from the charts, which at the time was filled with tracks from local Merseybeat bands.

“The fans here are the greatest in the land. They know the game and they know what they want to see. The People on the Kop make you feel great – yet humble.”

Pop Culture

The rise in the quality of Liverpool football, thanks to Shanks’, mirrored another sweeping craze of the sixties; Beatlemania.

Four boys from the city were taking the music world by storm producing track after track, each hitting the UK top ten and holding their positions for weeks on end.

source: Pinterest

Of course, the people of Liverpool were jubilant at this point as two of their homegrown talents were sweeping the world and coming up trumps.

Liverpool Football club even played the top ten at Anfield matches through the PA system before the game as almost every song belonged to a Merseybeat band. This also became known as the earliest instance of pre-match entertainment.

Gerry and the Pacemakers, Cilla Black and The Beatles had arrived on the music scene as had Liverpool football club in the international world of football.

The synchronicity of the two occurrences stirred something inside the people of Liverpool creating the amazing mix of music loving football fans we have today.

The Beatles and Shankly

The Beatles are known for having no particular ties to either of the Merseyside football clubs and quite famously when Brian Epstein asked for tickets for the 1965 FA Cup final for the boys Shanks replied;

“I have never seen any of The Beatles standing on the Kop, any tickets I have spare will be going to my mates on the Kop.”

Never the less The Beatles sent support to their home team on the day of the 1965 FA Cup final against Leeds, the clubs greatest moment to date and a testament to Shankly, the man who put them there.

The FabFour sent a telegram wishing the team and Shanks the best of luck and letting them know they’d be watching on TV.

source: Twitter

Liverpool went on to play a gruelling match against Leeds, who also gave it their all, and the FA Cup final of 1965 went into extra time with no goals scored.

The first goal of extra time was scored in a matter of minutes putting Liverpool up by one, then Leed’s equalised seven minutes later making it neck and neck. The final goal was scored in the 117th minute by Liverpool winning the game and giving Liverpool their first-ever FA Cup triumph.

source: skysports.com

Could the Beatles telegram have given them the extra push to perform or was it just the brilliance of Shankly and the player’s reluctance to disappoint him and their fans?

All we know is that The Beatles telegram to Shanks now serves as a reminder of one of Liverpool’s finest footballing moments and Shankly’s “greatest day”.

The Shankly Hotel Museum

Come along and learn more about the man and legend Bill Shankly, take a guided tour of the museum and be recounted with heartwarming stories about the great man from those who knew him best, his family.

Take a Shankly Experience tour around Liverpool, discovering important sites of local history and heritage as well as seeing the hallowed grounds of Anfield or Goodison.

You can even stay the night with amazing accommodation offers that can include, overnight stays, breakfast or evening meals in luxury Shankly themed hotel rooms.

After two wonderful years have passed since we opened our doors to the public The Shankly Hotel has helped make some amazing memories for our guests, our staff and the city of Liverpool. We look forward to what the future holds at The Shankly Hotel.

Call on 0151 601 8801 or email info@signatureliving.co.uk and book your stay at The Shankly Hotel, Liverpool’s only football-themed city centre hotel.

The Kop Magazine Make a Donation to The Shankly Museum

The Kop Magazine is one of the most popular football magazines in the country, providing fans with LFC insights for over 20 years. After 243 editions, The Kop Magazine published their final edition, and we here at The Shankly Hotel are honoured to be featured in the last publication.

If that wasn’t enough, we are thrilled to announce The Kop Magazine has presented us with a fantastic donation to The Shankly Museum. Back in September 2013, the magazine produced a giant birthday card in honour of Bill Shankly’s 100th birthday, which went on display at the Shankly 100 Exhibition in the Capital Building, Old Hall Street, Liverpool. LFC fans and stars signed the card, including Jamie Carragher. After nearly two years of gathering dust in The Kop Magazine storeroom, they proudly donated the card to The Shankly Museum for football fans to enjoy for many years to come.

shankly birthday card

The Kop Magazine also donated numerous other LFC memorabilia, including a signed John Aldridge photograph and a pile of Kop Challenge entries.

Bill Shankly’s grandson, Chris Carline, recently commented: “I’m made up to receive the giant card that The Kop Magazine recreated and got fans to signs to mark my granddad’s 100th birthday. The response around that anniversary reminded the family of the influence of the man. Even so far on after he passed away, his legacy is still as strong as ever and that was one of the reasons for the hotel.

“The family wants to keep his legacy alive and even when I go to the match now, young lads come up to me and say ‘I love yer granddad, he’s a God’ when they weren’t even born until after he died.”

Other items include the key to The Shankly Gates and the legendary manager’s This Is Your Life book, plus many more. The items will be displayed in The Shankly Museum and will be free of charge to the public.

Chris added: “A big thing for me was getting the ethos of the hotel right. My granddad was a man of the people, he had a socialist persona, so it would never have felt right to me to charge people who are not staying here to see the museum.

“If anyone wants to come in off the street and wander around that’s fine. If you want to come in and have a bite to eat and a drink while viewing then it’s entirely up to you. It’ll be open to everyone because it should be.”

Shankly football news: Reds right to stick with Rodgers

As we come to the end of 2014; it is unavoidable to say that the majority of Liverpool football fans wouldn’t ever have expected to be finishing the year still in search of our 19th league title.

Struggling in 8th place in the subsequent Premier League campaign. Especially given where we were 12 months ago.

Football is a harsh task master however and it is how you recover from these setbacks that ultimately sets you apart from others.

A good start to the year

Last night’s 4-1 win against Swansea was an ideal tonic to take us in to 2015. We have a good run of games on paper, and two games in sees us with 6 points out of 6.

Next we look forward to welcoming Leicester to Anfield. An ideal opportunity to build momentum to try and retain our top four status.

A month ago; I’d probably have said Liverpool football club had no chance of making the top four. However we now find ourselves five points off the 4th spot, by no means an insurmountable target.

A new source if optimism

The dwindling points difference is by no means the source of optimism for trying to gate crash the top four. It is a factor of course, but the means of there is another source of positivity.

Brendan Rodgers seems to have found the formula to make Liverpool football club threatening again. The formula that sees us pressing high up the pitch looking much more like the LFC of last season.

The right man for the job

Liverpool football manager Brendan Rodgers

www.provenquality.com

When our season seemed to be imploding and the manager was taking some quite astounding criticism; I however, remained firm in my point of view. I said he was still the right man for the job and that his task was quite clear. He needed to go back to basics.

Trying to make the formation and system we used last season work in this one was clearly the wrong move.

It was no longer fit for purpose.

Why? Because it was geared around getting the best out of players either no longer at the club or those unavailable to play.

The task was to find a plan ‘b’. A new formation that allowed him to get all his best players in the same 11 that would get the best out of them.

Step forward the 3-4-3.

I have to say; on paper it isn’t a formation that I ever thought I would like. It’s a formation that at the back certainly leaves space for exploitation. Brendan however, has utilised it and the selected the right personnel to carry it out.

This formation allows Rodgers to play all the best players in the team at once together at optimum performance.

Previously players like Lallana and Coutinho were being rotated far too often. They couldn’t be accommodated in the old system. Coutinho’s case in particular, whose form, for a player of unquestionable ability was inconsistent to put it mildly.

Lallana & Coutinho Liverpool football

www.empireofthekop.com

With Sturridge injured, Borini seemingly out of favour and Mario Balloteli being, well; Mario Balloteli, the threat up front was pretty non-existent. This for a team who last year outscored every other.

It was no surprise therefore that when the 3-4-3 was deployed, eyebrows were raised. Three front players, none of whom were out and out strikers playing for a team that had been struggling to score goals all season.

It has however worked. Gary Neville said on MNF last night that Liverpool football club have got their threat back.

As a fan, it certainly feels that way. Dare I say it feels like we are exciting to watch again.

Credit to Brendan Rodgers

In the face of mounting pressure; Rodgers sat down with his staff and went about finding a new system to take us forward. A system that gives us our attacking threat back and addresses defensive frailties. Bringing the best out of our available players.

The boy genius returns

I said at the end of last season that Coutinho could and would fill attacking voids left by the departure of players in the Summer. The boy is a genius on his day, a little magician who can run games. Sadly his form this season has been far too inconsistent.

Coutinho Liverpool football

www.goal.com

By deploying him ‘upfront’ he has the freedom to go anywhere he likes on the pitch. No longer shackled by defensive duties that come with being part of a midfield three. He has revelled as a result, and his performances have been much more consistent. Getting amongst the goals and contributing numerous assists, culminating in a fantastic performance against Swansea last night.

A spot on purchase prediction

Another star from last nights game Adam Lallana. Now coming forward into a more central role. His two goals last night, although both polar opposites; were typical of the player. The first, sheer dogged determination reaping dividends. The second, an example of the exquisite ability, balance and composure he has on the ball.

Shankly Hotel in Liverpoolp160823-059-burton_liverpool-1

www.thisisanfield.com

Carra spoke on MNF about his ability and two footedness being reminiscent of a continental player. An educated point to make.

Last season when I was asked who we should buy Lallana was the first name on my list.  He hasn’t disappointed and will only get better.

Our new front three…and Leiva

The front three of Sterling, Coutinho and Lallana are all willing to close down and press. A key factor for the style of play that Rodgers likes and of our success last year. A value that was absent from our play earlier in the year when the likes of Balloteli was starting. Now present once again and vital that the pressing starts from the front before spreading to the rest of the team.

A mention should also go to Lucas Leiva who was fast becoming a forgotten man. His restoration to the first team fold has coincided with our upturn in form. Leiva has brought a solidness we were missing and has also been a key advocate of the pressing style.

Football is fickle

For me, it goes to show that sticking by the manager was the right option. Don’t get me wrong; top 4 is by no means guaranteed. A few decent results means nothing.

The next couple of months will be telling but I think Rodgers has answered some of his critics. Taking things back to basics and implementing a system that, for the time being, seems to have given us our threat and stability back.

Football is a fickle game, last season Rodgers was untouchable. The minute it starts to go wrong, some fans default to asking for the managers head without giving them the chance to put it right.

Look at West Brom. They sacked Irvine last night in the face of poor results but what do they expect?

Gary Neville hit the nail on the head last night. Somewhere between 14th-17th is where they are gong to be expected to finish. There is still half a season left to play so why not give him the chance to get them there rather than shooting from the hip at the midway point.

Steadying the ship

For me it was the same for Rodgers. He had earned his right to be given time to put it right. Fingers crossed he has started to do that. Sacking him and staring again would achieve little.

 

He is a good young manager and we should get behind him as he seeks to steady the ship. All in the wake of a fairly traumatic end to last season and the subsequent Summer exodus of the Liverpool football clubs best player.

The Letter Shankly Wrote to a 13-Year-Old Boy

Bill Shankly was a self-proclaimed man of the people. He loved the fans as much as the game of football itself, and he was never shy to tell them just how much they meant to him.

He was a wonderful manager for so many reasons, but most of all because he cared about the people who made the club, and that was the fans. Shankly himself once said: “At a football club, there’s a holy trinity – the players, the manager and the supporters”.

Shankly proved just how much one fan’s words meant to him, when he penned a letter to a 13-year-old boy, Chris Rafferty, whom he met when standing on The Kop.

Shankly's letter

The letter reads:

Dear Chris,

Received your letter, thanks very much indeed. I really enjoyed your remarks about your loyalty to see me, and of course your mates. I can assure you that what you say to me means more than all the money in the world. I knew before I came to Liverpool that deep down there were thousands of people like yourself who were dying to have a football team. So I worked hard to give you that. I can assure you it was no easy task. However, it worked in the end, and you have a team and a ground, and I am proud of all of you.

Give my regards to your Dad, he must be a busy man Chris, as football takes up all your life.

Remember me to the boys on the “Kop”. I will come in again to see all of you.

“God Bless”

W. Shankly.

The letter was written in 1976, two years after Shankly retired as manager of Liverpool Football Club, and his influence on his fans was, and still is, as strong as ever.

The Five Most Iconic Shankly Images

When you hear the words Bill Shankly, various images spring to mind. These images are what capture him as the powerful, determined, and loved manager of Liverpool who is still etched in our memories today.
Here are just five of our favourites, which we think shows Shanks’ passion for the beautiful game.

 

Bill Shankly leading out LFC before the FA cup final, 1974

Bill Shankly leads out the Liverpool side for the FA cup final. 7th May 1974.
In this game, Liverpool lost to Arsenal during extra time.
Bill is smartly dressed in his tie and collar, even on a hot day. He has his hand on his heart and a Liverpool football club badge on his lapel.

Shankly looking straight into the camera, looking thoroughly self-assured and you can just imagine how the players must have been so inspired having a man such as him leading them out!

 

Shankly celebrates with the kop

Liverpool manager Bill Shankly rejoices with the Kop after Liverpool secured the football league championship with a draw against Leicester City at Anfield on 27th April 1973.
With his LFC scarf on and fists out, the spectators at the ground reach out to him like some sort of managerial demigod.

This really sums up what Shanks was about, he was in it for the fans and wanted to make them happy most of all.

 

Shankly leading out Preston FC

Shankly leads out Preston North End in 1948, a year before he left the club.
He went straight into management after his playing career was over, despite feeling like he had more to give. He firstly went to Carlisle, and then with Grimsby, Workington and Huddersfield.
It was when he joined Liverpool as their manager in 1959 that his legend really began to take shape.

 

Bill playing football with locals at Huddersfield

This is Bill during his time managing at Huddersfield FC.
Rumour has it that, he was always up for playing football with Dads and lads on the park somewhere in Huddersfield town. The local press must have learned of this and went to watch and took photographs. There’s Shankly going up for a header and you can be sure that whatever side he was playing on, they would keep going until his team won!

 

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Shanks revels in the ambience of The Kop after losing to Arsenal in the 1971 FA Cup Final.
Despite the score, the Reds came back to the city to an incredible homecoming.
The supporters were all cheering and showing their support for Shankly and his players. Steve Hale stood on St George’s plateau and was amongst a bunch of other photographers who called out to Bill Shankly to turn around and face them. Then a succession of images that terminated with this one.

 

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Bill Shankly: A Timeline of Events

Shankly’s life was an interesting one to say the least. From being born in Glenbuck, to living in Liverpool as an honourary Scouser till the end.
Here’s a timeline of important events during Shankly’s 68 year life and beyond!

The early years

02.09.1913 – William Shankly is born in Glenbuck, Scotland.

1931 – He plays football for his local team in Ayrshire, Cronberry Eglinton.

1932 – Shankly moves south where he joins Carlisle United in Third Division North.

July 1933 – After a remarkable season for Carlisle Shankly signs for 2nd division Preston North End. Preston was soon promoted as Shankly’s career flourished.

Young Shankly

09.04.1938 – Shankly was selected to play for his country, Scotland for the first time, playing against England in a 1-0 win at Wembley.

30.04.1938 – Shankly’s highlight as player when Preston wins the FA Cup by beating Huddersfield.

29.06.1944 – Bill marries Agnes “Nessie” Fisher

Bill and Agnes Shankly

From player to manager

22.03.1949 – Despite feeling he had more to offer as a player, 35-year-old Shankly took the manager’s job at Carlisle United.

June 1951 – Grimsby’s board felt Shankly was the right man to revive the club that had dropped from Division 1 to regional football in Division 3.

1951 – Liverpool interview Shankly for the vacant manager’s job at Liverpool.

06.01.1954 – Shankly moves down the ranking in Third Division North, but saving Workington from destruction is a commendable challenge.

05.11.1956 – Takes over as manager of Huddersfield after coaching their reserves for 11 months.

01.12.1959 – Liverpool appoint Bill Shankly as Phil Taylor’s successor in the managerial seat.

Shankly arrives at LFC

14.12.1959 – Shankly takes officially over at Liverpool after finishing his occupancy at Huddersfield.

19.12.1959 – Shankly is in control of his first Liverpool game, but it’s a long way from a perfect start as Liverpool lose 0-4 to Cardiff.

21.04.1962 – After seven years in the 2nd division, Liverpool are promoted with five League games remaining!

18.04.1964 – Liverpool win the championship for the sixth time in their history after a 17 year wait with an impressive 5-0 win vs Arsenal at Anfield.

01.05.1965 – Liverpool win the FA Cup for the first time in the club’s history. Shankly added that it was his finest moment at Liverpool.

FA Cup

12.05.1965 – Liverpool knocked out of the semi-finals in the club’s inaugural season in the European Cup. After a sensational 3-1 win at Anfield in the first leg, Inter beat the Reds 0-3 in Italy after bribing the referee!

30.04.1966 – Liverpool close their second League title under Shankly by beating Chelsea 2-1 at Anfield.

08.05.1971 – Liverpool lose 1-2 to Arsenal in the FA Cup – Shankly delivers the famous Chairman Mao speech.

08.07.1971 – Shankly agrees a new three-year contract with Liverpool which became his last.

23.04.1973 – After 7 years deprived of a title, Liverpool win the championship by beating Leeds 2-0 at Anfield.

23.05.1973 – Liverpool beat Gladbach 3-2 on aggregate in the UEFA Cup final, almost conceding their 3-0 lead from Anfield.

1973 – Bill voted Manager of the year, the only time in his career!

Bill Shankly Memorabilia

04.05.1974 – One of the most one-sided FA Cup finals in history when Liverpool annihilates Newcastle 3-0 at Wembley.

The shock announcement

12.07.1974 – The football world and the whole of Liverpool are stunned when Bill Shankly announces that he is retiring as Liverpool’s manager.

10.08.1974 – Shankly is given the honour of leading Liverpool out at Wembley vs Leeds in the Charity Shield despite retiring in the summer.

12.08.1974 – Bill Shankly legitimately terminates his ‘reign’ as manager of the Reds in Billy McNeill’s testimonial in front of 60,000 people at Celtic Park.

29.04.1975 – Shankly’s testimonial against a Don Revie Select XI – an emotional night at Anfield.

25.05.1977 – Shankly was in attendance when Liverpool won its first ever European Cup in Rome.

The loss of a great man

29.09.1981 – Shankly passes away. Bill suffered a cardiac arrest after battling for life since a heart attack early on Saturday morning. He had been making good progress until his condition deteriorated.

30.09.1981 – Liverpool face Finnish European Cup opponents, Oulu Palloseura, at Anfield. Reds won 7-0 and for the whole of second half the Kop sang Shankly’s name to the tune of Amazing Grace.
A banner in the crowd reads “King Shankly lives”.

King Shankly Lives

03.10.1981 – Bob Paisley and John Toshack lead out their teams at Anfield in the league. Tosh, who was now the manager of Swansea, created quite a stir among the Swansea faithful when he revealed a Liverpool shirt underneath his Swansea tracksuit when Shankly was remembered before the game.

22.11.1981 – “A Service of Thanksgiving for the life of Bill Shankly” held at Liverpool Cathedral.

A series of tributes

26.08.1982 – Shankly Gates unlocked by Bill’s widow, Nessie.

27.04.1997 – The Shankly memorial is erected – a fitting tribute in his hometown, Glenbuck.

04.12.1997 – The statue of Shankly in front of the Kop is unveiled.

June 1998 – Preston North’s End ground was replaced by a new stand named the “Bill Shankly Kop”, designed with different coloured seats providing an image of the great man’s head and shoulders.

18.12.1999 – A mosaic on the Kop to celebrate the 40th Anniversary of Bill Shankly’s arrival at Anfield.

02.08.2002 – Nessie Shankly passes away, 82 years of age.

2002 – Bill Shankly is introduced to the English Football Hall of Fame due to his impact on the English game as a manager.

08.11.2004 – Bill is introduced to the Scottish Football Association’s Hall of Fame.

01.12.2009 – 50th anniversary since he signed his contract to become manager of Liverpool Football Club.

16.12.2009 – A “SHANKS LEGEND” mosaic was unveiled on the Kop prior to kick off.

17.12.2009 – Shankly is awarded an Honorary Citizenship of Liverpool in recognition of the 50th anniversary of his arrival as manager of Liverpool FC and his dedication to Merseyside.

May 2014 – A Shankly themed hotel and museum is unveiled by Shankly’s family and Signature Living.

Bill Shankly

What was your favourite Shankly moment?

Let us know on Facebook or Twitter! Credit to www.shankly.com for providing the timeline dates.